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Can You Defrag a Macbook Pro’s Disk or External Hard Drive?

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Noticed that your Mac is running slow? You probably think back to the days when you used to own a Windows computer, and how defragging the hard drive speed up your computer’s performance by a lot.

Windows has consistently had disk defragging software. In fact, Windows 7 to 10 naturally defrags on a week after week premise. Apple, however, never included this feature in macOS.

“Why’s that?” you may inquire. All things considered, here are various reasons why Macs don’t offer a defrag work:

  • Macs don’t get the same experience with defragmentation the way Windows PCs are used to.
  • Since the launch of OS X 10.2 in 2002, Macs have been able to defrag automatically.
  • Defragging can cause more harm to the drive because the constant moving of files tires the drive out.
  • If your Mac has an SSD rather than a hard drive, defragmentation will cause no significant benefits and will probably destroy your drive in the process.

In this article, we are going to answer some of the common questions regarding Mac defragmentation, the pros, and cons of this process, and other defragging alternatives you can perform that are safer for your Mac computer. Let’s go!

Why Don’t I Need To Defrag My Mac?

First of all, on the off chance that any of the situations below concern you, we would recommend that defragging isn’t the answer to your concern:

  • Your Mac OS does not predate 2002
  • Your Mac runs on an SSD, not a hard drive.
  • If you are running on Mojave or High Sierra, and your file system has been changed to Apple’s more up-to-date APFS, you won’t have the option to utilize any third-party tools to perform defragmentation on your Mac because there is none available today that work.

Mac’s primary reason why it shouldn’t be defragmented is that the file system, which is HFS+ initially and APFS more recently, does not allow defragmentation since it automatically defrags files if needed.

If a particular file is smaller than 20MB and has more than eight fragments, it will be automatically defragged.

Firstly introduced in 1998, HFS+ could defrag files quickly because of Hot File Clustering. When 2002 welcomed Mac OS X 10.2, the system got even more intelligent at preventing fragmentation.

After a year, Hot File Adaptive Clustering went life, which distinguishes files that are often accessed but seldom refreshed and move them to a particular zone of the drive, defragging them during the process.

In 2017, Apple then announced Apple File System or APFS in High Sierra. At first, it was only available on SSDs, but it arrived on Fusion and hard drives with Mojave in 2018.

It’s similar to its predecessor when it comes to automatically defragment your drive. Still, the way it does the process is a tiny bit different because it creates previews of files so you can open different versions of the same documents.

The companies that created the tools for defragging Macs cry out that Apple didn’t give adequate data about how APS functions or them to be able to have the option to offer instruments to defrag the new file system. For sure, Apple’s reaction to that would be that AFPS does not have any sort of advantage from defragging.

Odds are that if you’re having issues with your Mac, they are most probably unrelated to fragmented files. Fortunately, Mac has various in-app instruments in Disk Utility for troubleshooting, so it’s worth checking out.

When Can I Only Defrag My Mac?

Defragging your Mac is an option for you if and only if the following reasons below applies to you:

  • Your Mac runs on a hard drive, not SSD
  • You are almost out of storage space
  • You are often saving files larger than 1GB

One of the reasons why a hard drive works slowly over time if files are fragmented is because unlike an SSD, it has moving parts, and it needs to move the head around to peruse the various bits of the document you need to access.

If your mac’s storage is less than 10%, then Mac won’t be able to do automatic defragmentation. If this happens, it would be more beneficial for your whole drive if you delete some unimportant documents. Or better yet, do a clean install and wipe your Mac.

On the same point, some users even prefer to perform a clean install before doing a major OS update to improve the performance of their computers drastically. Doing this step will effectively defrag your Mac.

What Are Some Better Alternatives To Mac Defragmenting?

If your mac is not performing as fast as it was before, you don’t really need to complete a defragmenting on your Mac hard drive because most of the time, it’s not your HDD that’s having issues.

That’s why it’s better to try some other solutions that may help you speed up your whole computer without leaning on defragging your Mac.

1. Fixing Disk Permissions

“Try repairing your disk permissions” is one of the most common Mac troubleshooting tips. Permissions are file or document settings that affect the capacity to read, write, and perform the execution of the file. Overtime when they are not set correctly, any software that uses the file may not work as effectively before.

You can repair disk permissions by yourself, but if you don’t want to spend the time doing so, you can opt to rely on an all-in-one utility tool like CLeanMyMac X. Its built-in maintenance module has several options to help you optimize your Mac, such as repairing disk permissions.

2. Update your macOS software

Make sure to always update your Mac to the latest versions because it’s given that every update promises better speed and performance. Most of the time, bug and performance fixes are included in every update, which are common reasons for Mac slowdowns.

3. Delete unneeded files

Ensure that your storage space always has 10% free space so it could perform background actions and give enough space for virtual memory, caches, and temporary files effectively every time.

This task is quite tiresome and repetitive, so it’s more time-effective to entrust CleanMyMac X to perform these types of jobs without a hitch.

Do You Need to Defrag a Mac External Hard Drive?

It’s not necessary to defrag an external hard drive on Mac. However, if you’re looking to perform a similar process on your external drive, here is a foolproof solution that will get your Mac external HDD performing optimally:

Step 1: Get yourself a clean, backup external drive.

Step 2: Copy all the files in the first drive into the second one.

Step 3: Wipe and reformat the original Mac external drive.

Step 4: After reformatting the first drive, copy back the files on the second drive back to the first one.

Doing this process is much safer and safer than the normal defragmenting method. For the reformatting process, you can opt for a quick format on the disk, or even simpler, repartition it into 2 partitions and then back into a single partition. After the process, simply copy the files back.

Conclusion

We hope that this article answers all of your burning questions concerning Mac defragmentation. Again, if you want your Mac to maintain its excellent performance, employ trusted software like CleanMyMac X  to optimize your Mac computer any time!

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The 7 best antivirus for Mac

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Today we bring you a compilation of the best antivirus for Mac so that you can protect your system against possible threats.

Although Apple is known for not having viruses in its system, there are cases in which you may find yourself in an unwanted situation and that is why we have prepared a list of the best antivirus for Mac .

There are people who for different reasons prefer to always keep their computers safe, especially if they contain very valuable and vital information for their lives, following the popular saying ‘prevention is better than cure’.

But if Apple does not have a virus then …

Do you need an antivirus for Mac?

The short answer is that it is generally not necessary. This is because its operating system incorporates different security protocols that make it difficult to access. However, this does not mean that it does not exist, has existed and will exist malware that puts your system at risk.

The increase in sales and use of Apple products in recent years has brought with it an increase in malware. For this reason, many people are interested in the best antivirus for Mac and thus be able to use them on their computers.

It is important to emphasize that compared to Windows there are almost no risks to your security. In fact, a large part of the viruses that enter Mac do so through Windows applications along with web pages and emails.

However, if you are not sure of the sites you browse, the applications you download, or you simply have bad luck with viruses, then it may be a good idea to install protection on your computer.

Types of antivirus

At this point you are probably wondering if you need an antivirus for your Mac . In the market there is a wide variety of offers and depending on what you are looking for, one or the other will suit you.

In this article we have compiled a list of the best antivirus for Mac, each analyzed individually, showing our opinions on their characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, important data and general analysis of their operation.

We have divided them mainly into 2 categories that are self-explanatory, free antivirus for Mac and paid. You probably already know that paid products tend to provide more functionality and coverage in their programs, although this does not mean that free Mac antivirus are not reliable or functional.

Free Antivirus for Mac

This is the option for people who do not want to invest in an antivirus but at the same time want to protect their computer from what may happen. There are a wide variety of options to choose from and we have chosen the ones that seem most optimal to us.

Say that they are all very good options and surely meet expectations.

Avast Free Mac Security

Avast has very good malware protection reaching 99.17% threat detection. This places it among the best antivirus for Mac not only because it’s free but also because of its reliability.

Outstanding features

Unlike its free competitors, Avast has an email scanning system to ensure that nothing strange enters through links, files and messages.

However, it lacks some features that other antivirus include such as parental control. They also don’t have an advanced firewall or webcam blocker.

A plus is also that it has an extension in Google Chrome that indicates when a page is safe to visit or can be potentially harmful.

Interface

At first glance, it is a relatively simple interface, although not as simple as others. Provides with a wide variety of data for fans of analysis and research. For this reason it can be a bit complex.

Avast Opinions and Conclusions

Avast is one of the best free antivirus for Mac due to its high level of protection and its additional bonus for scanning emails. Despite not having some features that others offer, it has a good scanning speed.

Finally, the design of its interface is more aimed at users with a medium-high level because it has many tabs, menus and data that a beginner user could miss.

Avira Free Antivirus Mac

It has moderately good protection from threats but it is not the best by far. It can detect 93.33% of malware coming from Windows , which is a high percentage but it does not reach the 99% that others have. These are data to take into account to select among the best antivirus for Mac.

Outstanding features

One of its good things is that it has little impact on your computer’s speed when scanning in the background. However, when it does a full scan it is much slower compared to Avast.

To be free, it has a good system performance comparable to many other paid antivirus.

Interface

Here comes the best of Avira. Its interface is similar to that of other applications for Mac which stand out for their simplicity, elegance and functionality. This program is very intuitive and uncomplicated to use, easily accessible to any user.

Opinions on Avira and conclusions

This antivirus enters this list of the best antivirus for Mac especially for its simplicity in use. Not all users have the same facility to use this type of software and Avira is the ideal choice for these people.

That it is simple does not imply that it is a bad antivirus since it has a good percentage of protection and detection of threats. What I mean is that there are other free antivirus for Mac that have better features and at the same time are more difficult to exploit. Everything is to try since they are free and keep the one that best suits your needs.

Sophos Home Security Free

It has a fairly high score but far from the best in malware detection at 98.4% . Despite this result, it is honestly still a fairly high number and has other benefits that give it added value.

Outstanding features

You have 2 differentiating characteristics among your competitors that are worth highlighting. The first is that you can link with up to 10 other devices from a single account . The second is that it has a remote control that allows access and monitoring of processes from another computer.

As for parental control, it is a delicacy to have remote control of the systems linked to the account. You can set filters on the pages that you do not want your children to visit and also keep a history of the attempts to access those pages.

Interface

Sophos has a simple and easy-to-use interface. Nothing out of the other world in terms of aesthetics or functionality, but at the same time it is not complicated to handle.

Opinions on Sophos and conclusions

Among the best antivirus for Mac that are free, this is a good candidate especially for families who do not want to spend a lot of money on an antivirus. By having the remote control available one can know if their children are trying to access pages that are not suitable for them and at the same time protect their systems from possible threats.

AVG Antivirus Free

Together with Avast it has excellent protection, being able to detect 99% of threats . This is essential information for the proper functioning of a product of this style.

Outstanding features

It is a relatively simple antivirus since it has a main function and focuses on fulfilling it to perfection. This function is as mentioned before the protection of the equipment.

On the other hand, the only downside is that it only detects and cleans malware. In other words, it doesn’t offer any additional features that others have. The result of having a functionality is that it is easy to use.

Interface

Probably one of the best interfaces of all the antivirus analyzed. Its use is intuitive and you don’t have to be a genius to know how to handle it. It has few buttons to choose from and few tabs to get lost in, which according to the user can be positive or negative.

Opinions on AVG and conclusions

For its ability to protect the system which is the main task that it has to perform and for its ease of use we include AVG in the list. We especially recommend it for those users who do not want to be too complicated when it comes to cleaning their computer and keeping it protected.

Premium antivirus for Mac

For those who are willing to make an investment and ensure that their devices have the best quality of protection. Antivirus paid options offer several more advanced customization options that free ones do not.

Kaspersky Internet Security

Kaspersky has almost perfect protection, detecting 99.17% of malware, although other unofficial tests give it 100%. But that this does not influence you when deciding because it incorporates a wide variety of defensive systems such as a password processor, backup copies and encrypted files.

Outstanding features

This antivirus has many security packages adapted to your needs, however these are not free. The basic version of this software does not have all the features that its packages offer.

Another aspect to note is that they have a virtual keyboard that prevents the entry of keyloggers. Keyloggers are a type of malware that detects everything you have typed on the keyboard. Some virtual keyboards like the ones you can find in some online banks avoid this type of practice.

Interface

Unlike other antivirus, this one presents an open and airy interface that leaves a wide space between texts and buttons.

Opinions on Kaspersky and conclusions

If you plan to buy the entire coverage package then this is probably one of the best paid antivirus for Mac. Since it has so many protection-oriented features such as file encryption or the virtual keyboard, among others. Now, if you are looking to use its basic package then you may find better options on the market for the basic price.

BitDefender Virus Scanner

BitDefender has the best protection against malware and ransomware reaching 100% in AV tests. It is because of this fact that it is one of the best antivirus for Mac on the market.

Outstanding features

An interesting component is that it allows you to locate the device on a map as long as it is connected. Although without a doubt its main characteristic is that of the protection already mentioned above.

A negative aspect is that it does not have a VPN or software to make backup copies if these are aspects that you are looking for in an antivirus. Another may be that the initial system scan is slow, although this I do not think is something to assess since it is only done at the beginning.

Interface

Its interface does not seem very complicated to use, although unlike the best antivirus for Mac that are free, it offers many more features as it is paid.

Bitdefender opinions and conclusions

If what you are looking for is the best protection on the market, this is undoubtedly the best choices. Now since all paid antivirus compete with each other, then there are very few differences, it is a matter of priorities. Anyway, almost all of them offer a free trial period so you can see how they work.

Norton Security

Norton has an excellent protection system, equaling its competitors with 99.17% detection of Windows malware. It should be noted that although there is little malware coming from Mac, Norton was able to detect and clean all malware from Mac.

Outstanding features

Paradoxically in this section Norton stands out more for the negative than for the positive despite entering our list of best antivirus for Mac and then I tell you why.

The main negative is its price. For what it offers it seems an excessive price and there are free Mac antivirus that offer comparable features saving the distances. On the other hand, Norton has a high impact on the system when scanning and is a bit slower than others.

Interface

It is beautiful although at first it can be a bit confusing because some options are in tabs that are not intuitive at first.

Opinions on Norton and conclusions

Perhaps the question in this section would be why it is included in this list if it seems that it has more good parts than bad. The fact is that Norton at least in my eyes was always one of the most famous antivirus for computers and that is why I wanted to make a special mention of it. At the same time reiterate the issue of prices and how there are other antivirus with more competitive prices.

So is it worth installing an antivirus on Mac?

Regardless of whether you install an antivirus on your computer, it is always good to make good use of the internet. If you browse through safe sites and don’t download unknown or suspicious applications, you shouldn’t have any problems. Emails can contain harmful links and files that are not Mac dependent and you should pay special attention to what is downloaded.

Now anyone can get a virus on their computer and if you want to make sure you can catch them in time it is good to have a protection system installed.

Of all the free options, we recommend Avast Free Mac Security and of the paid options, choose between Kaspersky Internet Security or Bitdefender Virus Scanner.

Thank you very much for your attention. I hope that this list of the best antivirus for Mac will help you to decide on the one that best suits your needs.

 

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Convert RGB Color Values into HTML / HEX Color Codes – and Vice Versa

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On PCs and websites, colors are often specified as RGB, HEX or HTML color codes. Not all programs or apps support both. If you want to convert one color code into the other, you can do this without any additional program.

Perhaps you have determined the HEX code of a color from the Microsoft PowerToys via the color picker that you want to use for something specific (e.g. # 6397cd). But in the drawing app Paint, for example, color codes can only be entered as RGB color values   (e.g. 99, 151, 205). Sometimes it is also the other way around and the app (e.g. the web browser) only knows HEX / HTML color codes and cannot

There are a few ways to convert the codes. Every graphics program knows this. For example, in the Gimp image editor, click on the field for change foreground color and on the 0..255 button . At the top right of the color selector you can now see the values   for RGB (red, green, blue), such as “99.0, 151.0, 205.0”, and below the HTML notation, here “6397cd”. So if you only have one color code for a desired color and need the other, you can enter the values   in a tool like this and have them converted.

In Windows

Is there no suitable graphics program available? Windows itself also understands both variants. Take advantage of this: Go to Start / Settings / Personalization / Background . Under Select background color click on the plus sign in front of Custom color. Open the menu for More below the color palette. Here you will find two options for entering the color code: on the left you could specify the exact color you want using RGB values, on the right you could click into it, mark the existing HEX / HTML color code including the # symbol with the mouse and use the color code you know (example # 6397cd) overwrite or with Ctrl +Paste V ( Ctrl + V ). The trick here is of course: you don’t have to accept the color now, you can cancel the exercise again if you don’t want your desktop.. This setting tool is therefore ideally suited to converting HTML color codes (# 6397cd) into RGB values   (99, 151, 205) – and vice versa.

Via Office program or web service

In Office

Do you have Microsoft Office installed? Again, it’s just a matter of calling up the color picker; You don’t have to use the color. For example, open Word with a blank sheet of paper and switch to the Draft tab . At page background click color pages and select other colors. Navigate to the tab User defined. And voilà: you have the little color converter in front of you. Once you have determined the color code you want, click Cancel.

Via web service

There are also websites that offer conversion. For example, surf to this address https://www.farb-tabelle.de/de/rgb2hex.htm . In the field under “RGB to HEX or HEX to RGB”, for example, type 99, 151, 205 and click on Convert . The page already shows detailed information about exactly this color, such as the hex and RGB color values   and even the CMYK values, as are common in the printing industry. The web service even shows what the complementary color of the queried color is. This means the one that is exactly opposite this color in the color wheel. Definitely a bookmark tip!

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Starting Windows 10 Without a Password

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A password is required when starting Windows 10. However, this can also be deactivated. That’s how it’s done.

As you know, Windows 7 support is over. With the successor Windows 10, just like with the seventh, a password is required each time it is started. Under certain circumstances this can be avoided and results in a faster start-up. Note that this trick only works with a local account (not with Microsoft accounts) and with stand-alone clients. It is also a security risk if other people are also using the PC.

  • Open the Run window with Windows key + R.
  • Type in the following parameters: control userpasswords2 and press Enter.
  • Uncheck the box User must enter user name and password. Then click on Apply and OK.
  • The previous password is now required. Type it in and click OK.
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